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Tennis Serve – Secret to Serve Over 120 MPH (Top Speed Tennis)

November 5, 2019


Hi guys, I’m Clay Ballard with Top Speed
Tennis, and today we’re going to talk about the science behind maximizing speed. So if you want to rip those ground strokes,
you want to smash those serves, we’re going to talk about the science of how you’re
actually going to do that, and some great drills to do so. Now I know we’ve all heard we need to accelerate
to the ball, we need to keep everything moving through the shot. In reality, we need to decelerate the body,
we need to decelerate the arm, so that that racket can accelerate. I know it sounds really crazy, we’re going
to take a look at a research project that Stanford University did. We’re going to talk about what actually
happens throughout the body, and then at the end, I know it sounds a little complicated. We’re going to simply that though for you,
I’m going to give you one great drill that anybody can do. Super easy to do, from the comfort of your
own home or out on the tennis court that’s going to help you to boost those serve speeds
and start ripping and getting that snap through contact. So good luck to you guys, let’s go ahead
and get started. I’m really excited for this one. OK, so first let’s talk about where this
comes from, and this applies not only to the serve, but also to your ground strokes, forehand,
backhand, anything you want to hit with a lot of speed, this is going to apply to. I posted a video a while back, and I was talking
about how in a forehand, now I’ll just kind of briefly mention this, because we’re making
contact with a forehand that our body actually slows down to allow the racket to release,
and snap through, and get a lot of speed, and maximize that speed. I got a comment saying that they didn’t
think that was correct. You know, the faster I move my body through,
the faster I’m going to be able to accelerate, and the more speed that I’m going to get. I think that that’s taught, and it got me
thinking about that. I realized that that’s taught a lot. When you’re coming through and you’re
going to make a ground stroke, and I want to hit this really hard, you always hear,
“Swing through the ball, accelerate through the ball, accelerate everything moving on
through.” I think that leads to a little bit of a misrepresentation
of what’s really going on, the real science behind this. And that that’s why I wanted to get a little
more technical in today’s video and talk about what’s truly happening to get maximum
speed. So when we’re making a ground stroke, or
a server, or any of that, what’s really happening is my body is accelerating first. My torso, my hips, my shoulders, my arm, it’s
going to begin to accelerate, and this racket is going to lag behind. Just like the lag and snap forehand video
we talked about. As that racket is lagging behind, now what’s
going to happen as I’m nearing contact, is my body is actually going to slow down. My chest my hips, my arm, is going to slow
down to allow the racket to snap through and have a multiplier effect. So if I don’t ever get that slowing down
of the body, I’m not going to be able to release my racket with maximum speed. It’s going to look something more like this,
where it’s drag everything through as I’m making contact, and everything rotates on
through together. So however fast my chest is rotating is going
to rotate out to the racket. If I want to go even faster with the racket,
I have to get that to release and snap on through, and that’s exactly what we’re
going to see here in a second with a chart from Stanford University. So they mapped out the back, the shoulder,
the arm, with a tennis serve from a top player and they showed how that accelerates and decelerates
to maximize that speed. Let’s go ahead and take a look at that chart
now. Now we’re going to look at research done
by Stanford University. What they do is a motion analysis research
where they map out different pieces of body, and then they test how they accelerate and
decelerate throughout a given motion. We used to use these all the time with golf,
there’s even some mobile phone apps that will test this for your hips and different
parts for golf. Unfortunately, tennis hasn’t gotten that
far along yet, I think you’ll start to see more of this stuff in the next 5 or 10 years. But this is some of the first research I’ve
seen in regards to tennis. Now when we’re looking at this graph you’ll
notice that there’s different color lines. These are all marking different pieces of
the body. We have a purple line here at the bottom,
a blue line for the shoulder, or sorry, that’s the back at the bottom line, the light blue
line’s the shoulder, the red line’s the elbow, green line’s the wrist, and then
we have the racket itself as this blue line. As these lines move upward that means those
pieces are moving faster, and as they move downward, that means that they’re slowing
down or decelerating. So let’s take a look at this from left to
right. Over here on the left side of this chart,
that’s showing time before contact. So this is earlier in the stroke, this is
probably around the trophy pose on the right. This vertical line we see here is contact
with the ball. That’s where you’re making contact on
the serve, and then after anything to the right of the vertical line is after contact. What we’ll notice is around the trophy pose,
there’s not a lot happening. A lot of pieces of the body aren’t moving
or almost pausing as you’re anticipating jumping up for the ball. As we start to move to the right, you’ll
start to see these lines begin to accelerate. So the back, the bottom purple line, that
starts to accelerate a little bit. Then you’ll notice as it moves down it’s
decelerating as you’re getting closer to contact. Same thing with the lighter blue line for
the shoulders, it’s accelerating as you’re moving out of the trophy pose, and then decelerating
as you go into contact. The elbow is accelerating even more as you’re
coming out of the trophy pose, that says your arm’s throwing up toward the ball, your
racket is going up toward the ball. The key thing to notice here though, is that
the elbow is actually slowing down. The wrist, same thing with the green line,
it’s accelerating and then slowing down as you’re coming into contact. The reason for this is so that you can transfer
that energy. If everything just kept on accelerating, the
arms, the wrists, elbows, body, all that kept accelerating, we wouldn’t be able to get
that racket to snap, to snap through. If you’ve been working on pronation, if
you’ve been struggling with the waiter’s tray serve and feeling like you’re really
pulling everything through as hard as you can, it’s actually the opposite of that
that’s going to allow you to snap. A great way to visualize this is we’re going
to look at these three figures at the bottom of this chart. This bottom figure, this is well after the
trophy pose, and you’re actually going to see that the body, if we look at the back
and the shoulders, they’re not moving very much in these three figures. So well before contact these shoulders are
already starting to slow down. You can see that they’re roughly in the
same position they were in each three of these frames. The elbow at this point is still firing, so
this, on this first figure we’re probably right around in this area somewhere. The elbow’s still moving forward, but if
you look at the second two figures the elbow is almost in the exact same spot. Same thing with the hand, the hand still has
a long way to go in this first figure, but if you look at the second two figures, the
hand isn’t really moving very much, and what we’re doing here is we’re decelerating
pieces of the body and letting it snap on through. So I know this is getting a bit scientific,
a little too technical, let’s go ahead and look at this with a real tennis serve, and
talk about what we need to do and really simplify this a lot and get a great drill to work on. OK, so let’s go ahead and apply what we
just learned in that study to an actual serve drill. This is going to be super easy, very easy
to follow along with. All we’re going to do is we’re going to
first start out with our continental grip. Now the reason I want you to be sure you’re
using a continental grip, this is a great drill for those of you who maybe you’re
stuck with the forehand grip trying to hit the serve. You’re using that waiter’s tray serve,
you feel like you’re pushing the racket through, this is the absolute best drill in
the world for you guys to break that habit. So we’ve got to make sure that we first
use our correct serve grip with the index finger knuckle on bevel number two, that’s
our continental grip. What we’re going to do here, is we’re
going to go through slow motion, and my body’s going to create some momentum. As I get near contact, I’m going to transfer
that momentum out to the racket. It’s going to look like this, as I’m coming
up I’m going to really slow motion, my body’s accelerating, my arm is accelerating. Then I’m going to pause right here as I
would be at contact. I’m kind of in my contact position, or very
close to my contact position. You’ll note that my arm is extended, notice
my arm is extended. My racket is still angled back at a 90° angle. From here after I pause with my body, I’m
going to get this racket to snap all the way on through. Once it’s come all the way on through, then
I can go ahead and finish my tennis serve motion. So if I look at this from the side, so you
can get a really good idea of what’s going on with the racket. Let’s pretend I’m serving this way. I’m going to go really slow with my body,
as I’m coming up to contact. Now my body’s going to pause, my racket’s
back at a 90, strings are vertical, I’m going to come up, there’s contact, and all
the way through. So I’m going to pause my body and let me
racket do this to get that snap, and then I’m going to follow all the way on through. So this is absolutely a great drill to build
momentum with the body and then decelerate the body and really feel that snap as you’re
doing the serve. So I want you to do 100 repetitions at that
speed. So follow along with me here, we’re going
to go really slow, pausing just before contact, racket snaps through, then I’m going to
come on around into the court. Do 100 repetitions at that pace. So just take a little bit of time to do this. You’re not going to feel a lot of rhythm
with this at first, we’re just building the sequencing, so we’re breaking down these
steps into small pieces here. Now as we build onto this, and we get comfortable,
we’ve done those hundred reps, let’s go ahead and speed it up to about 50 percent
speed. Then we’re going to go ahead, come up, get
the racket to snap, and come on through. That time, starting to look a little bit more
fluid, because I’m used to the sequencing of that motion. Do about 100 reps at 50 percent, and then
we’re going to do 100 reps without a ball 100 percent, and really feeling that snap. You really want to feel that snap as you’re
doing that. Once you’ve done a hundred reps of that,
then you can go ahead and start tossing some balls, hitting some serves. You’re really going to boost your serves
through that. I promise you guys, you’re going to love
the feeling of that snap. Your friends are going to be very impressed
when you get this down, because your serves are going to get boosted up 5 maybe even 10
miles an hour once you really get comfortable with that snap if you’re doing the waiter’s
tray serve. So good luck to you guys, let me know how
it goes with this drill, and I can’t wait to hear about your results. All right, so I hope you guys really enjoyed
this video. If you have any questions on this at all,
I know it’s a fairly complex subject, just go ahead and type them in the comment below. I’ll be more than happy to answer those
for you. And to add on to this, if you really want
to boost that serve speed, I have a great series for you called the Power Serve series. I’m going to play a preview from one of
the videos in that series. And if you want to click the link in the bottom
right-hand side of the screen, or down below in the description if you’re on a mobile
device, you’ll be able to watch that entire series free of charge. So the preview’s going to come up in a minute. Click that link, you’ll be able to see that
entire video plus the entire series. Click the like button if you enjoyed this
video and you want to see more serve speed videos and drills coming forward in the future. And also remember to subscribe so you’ll
be notified when we come out with those new videos. So great to see you guys, good luck with that
serve speed, and I’ll see you all soon. Hi guys, I’m Clay Ballard with Top Speed
Tennis, and today we’re going to talk about how you can get more pronation in your serve
to help bump your speed and do it with very little effort. This is one video out of our entire Power
Serve series, and I’m going to break down pronation into three simple moves that you
can incorporate into your own game. Let’s go and get started. OK, so the first thing we need to understand
is when we’re talking about pronation, how does this add speed to our serve? And when I see many beginner tennis players
when they were very first starting to play tennis, a lot of times what they’ll want
to do when they’re hitting their serve is keep the strings facing the opposing side
of the court. Just imagine that you’re my opponent, I’m
hitting a serve towards you, and I’m trying to keep my strings facing you the entire time. When I reality we want these strings to snap
as we’re coming through to help increase that speed, and that’s what pronation is. As we’re getting…

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